is the most basic and fundamental components of life. Yet, only
1% of the Earth's water is fresh water. This small amount is
becoming more inadequate, particularly in certain geographic
areas of the world and in high-density population areas due to
pollution and shortages of rainfall . Desalinating seawater has
long been considered as a solution to the world's current and
future water problem. But desalination has been costly and un-affordable
in places where it is most needed.